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Test Bank for Nutrition Therapy and Pathophysiology 4th Edition Nelms

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Test Bank for Nutrition Therapy and Pathophysiology 4th Edition Nelms

Test Bank for Nutrition Therapy and Pathophysiology, 4th Edition, Marcia Nahikian Nelms, Kathryn P. Sucher, ISBN-10: 0357041712, ISBN-13: 9780357041710

Table of Contents

PART 1: THE ROLE OF NUTRITION THERAPY IN HEALTH CARE
Chapter 1: Role of the Registered Dietitian Nutritionist in the Health Care System
1.1 Introduction
1.2 The Registered Dietitian Nutritionist in Clinical Practice
1.3 Other Health Professionals – Interdisciplinary Teams
1.4 Health Care Services and Reimbursement for Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT)
1.5 Developing Clinical Skills and Professional Performance
1.6 Conclusion
PART 2: THE NUTRITION CARE PROCESS
Chapter 2: Overview: The Nutrition Care Process
2.1 Improving Health and Nutritional Status through Nutrition Care
2.2 Purpose of Providing Nutrition Care
2.3 The AND’s Standardized NCP
2.4 Big Picture of Nutrition Care: The Model
2.5 Steps of the NCP
2.6 Documentation
2.7 Conclusion
Chapter 3: Nutrition Assessment: Foundation of the Nutrition Care Process
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Nutritional Status
3.3 An Overview: Nutrition Assessment and Screening
3.4 Food- and Nutrition-Related History
3.5 Evaluation and Interpretation of Dietary Analysis Information
3.6 Anthropometric/Body Composition Measurements
3.7 Biochemical Assessment and Medical Tests and Procedures
3.8 Nutrition Care Criteria: Nutrition-Focused Physical Findings
3.9 Nutrition Care Criteria: Functional Assessment
3.10 Nutrition Care Criteria: Energy and Protein Requirements
3.11 Interpretation of Assessment Data: Nutrition Diagnosis
3.12 Conclusion
Chapter 4: Nutrition Intervention, Nutrition Monitoring and Evaluation
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Nutrition Prescriptions
4.3 Food and/or Nutrient Delivery (Oral Diets)
4.4 Nutrition Education
4.5 Nutrition Counseling
4.6 Coordination of Nutrition Care
4.7 Nutrition Monitoring and Evaluation
4.8 Conclusion
Chapter 5: Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition Support
5.1 Introduction: Planning and Implementation of Nutrition Interventions with Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition Support
5.2 Enteral Nutrition
5.3 Parenteral Nutrition
5.4 Special Considerations
5.5 Initiation of Home PN
5.6 Conclusion
Chapter 6: Nutrition Informatics and Documentation of the Nutrition Care Process
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Charting: Documentation of the NCP
6.3 Beyond Charting: An Overview of Writing in the Profession
6.4 Conclusion: Your Ethos – Establishing Expertise
PART 3: INTRODUCTION TO PATHOPHYSIOLOGY
Chapter 7: Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Normal Anatomy and Physiology of Fluids and Electrolytes
7.3 Body Solutes
7.4 Physiological Regulation of Fluid and Electrolytes
7.5 Disorders of Fluid Balance
7.6 Conclusion
Chapter 8: Acid-Base Balance
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Basic Concepts: Acids, Bases, and Buffers
8.3 Regulation of Acid-Base Balance
8.4 Conclusion
Chapter 9: Cellular and Physiological Response to Injury: The Role of the Immune System
9.1 Introduction
9.2 The Disease Process
9.3 Cellular Injury
9.4 Preventing Transmission of Infection
9.5 Foundations of the Immune System
9.6 The Immune Response
9.7 Autoimmunity
9.8 Attacking Altered and Foreign Cells: Tumors and Transplants
9.9 Immunization
9.10 Immunodeficiency
9.11 Hypersensitivity (Allergy)
9.12 Conclusion
Chapter 10: Nutritional Genomics
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Nutritional Genomics: Nutrigenetics, Nutrigenomics, and Nutritional Epigenomics
10.3 An Overview of the Structure and Function of Genetic Material
10.4 Genomics and Technology
10.5 Nutritional Genomics in Disease
10.6 Nutritional Genomics and the Practice of Nutrition and Dietetics
10.7 Conclusion
Chapter 11: Pharmacology
11.1 Introduction to Pharmacology
11.2 Role of Nutrition Therapy in Pharmacotherapy
11.3 Drug Mechanisms
11.4 Administration of Drugs
11.5 Pharmacokinetics
11.6 Nutrition Therapy
11.7 Conclusion
PART 4: NUTRITION THERAPY
Chapter 12: Diseases and Disorders of Energy Imbalance
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Energy Balance
12.3 Overweight and Obesity
12.4 Nutrition Intervention
12.5 Eating Disorders
12.6 Conclusion
Chapter 13: Diseases of the Cardiovascular System
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Anatomy and Physiology of the Cardiovascular System
13.3 Hypertension
13.4 Nutrition Therapy for Hypertension
13.5 Atherosclerosis
13.6 Nutrition Therapy for Atherosclerosis
13.7 Ischemic Heart Disease and Myocardial Infarction
13.8 Nutrition Therapy for Myocardial Infarction
13.9 Peripheral Arterial Disease
13.10 Heart Failure
13.11 Nutrition Therapy for Heart Failure
13.12 Medical Procedures for Heart Failure
13.13 Nutrition Therapy for Heart Transplant
13.14 Atrial Fibrillation
13.15 Conclusion
Chapter 14: Diseases of the Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Conclusion
Chapter 15: Diseases of the Lower Gastrointestinal Tract
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Lower Gastrointestinal Tract
15.3 Small Intestine Motility
15.4 Conclusion
Chapter 16: Diseases of the Liver, Gallbladder, and Exocrine Pancreas
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Anatomy and Physiology of the Hepatobiliary System
16.3 Pathophysiology Common to the Hepatobiliary Tract
16.4 Pathophysiology of the Liver
16.5 Nutritional Implications of ALD
16.6 Pathophysiology of the Exocrine Pancreas
16.7 Conclusion
Chapter 17: Diseases of the Endocrine System
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Endocrine System
17.3 Pathophysiology of the Endocrine System
17.4 Diabetes
17.5 Reactive Hypoglycemia
17.6 Other Endocrine Disorders
17.7 Conclusion
Chapter 18: Diseases of the Renal System
18.1 Introduction
18.2 The Kidneys
18.3 Chronic Kidney Disease
18.4 Nutrition Therapy for Chronic Kidney Disease
18.5 Acute Kidney Injury
18.6 Nutrition Therapy for Acute Kidney Injury
18.7 Nephrolithiasis
18.8 Nutrition Therapy for Nephrolithiasis
18.9 Conclusion
Chapter 19: Diseases of the Hematological System
19.1 Overview of the Hematological System
19.2 Anatomy and Physiology of the Hematological System
19.3 Homeostatic Control of the Hematological System
19.4 Nutritional Anemias
19.5 Hemochromatosis
19.6 Clotting and Bleeding Disorders
19.7 Conclusion
Chapter 20: Diseases and Disorders of the Neurological System
20.1 Introduction
20.2 Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System
20.3 Communication within the Nervous System
20.4 The Central Nervous System (CNS)
20.5 Epilepsy and Seizure Disorders
20.6 Nutrition Therapy for Epilepsy and Seizure Disorders
20.7 Stroke and Aneurysm
20.8 Nutrition Therapy for Stroke
20.9 Nutrition Therapy for Parkinson’s Disease
20.10 Nutrition Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis
20.11 Nutrition Therapy for Dementia
20.12 Neurotrauma and Spinal Cord Injury
20.13 Nutrition Therapy for Traumatic Brain Injury
20.14 Nutrition Therapy for Spinal Cord Injury
20.15 Conclusion
Chapter 21: Diseases of the Respiratory System
21.1 Introduction
21.2 Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Respiratory System
21.3 Asthma
21.4 Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (Contributed by Samantha Bateman, MS, RDN, LD)
21.5 Nutrition Therapy for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
21.6 Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
21.7 Nutrition Therapy for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
21.8 Cystic Fibrosis
21.9 Nutrition Therapy for Cystic Fibrosis
21.10 Conclusion
21.11 Pneumonia
21.12 Nutrition Therapy for Mechanically Ventilated Individuals
21.13 Transplantation
21.14 Nutrition Therapy for Transplantation
21.15 Conclusion
Chapter 22: Metabolic Stress and the Critically Ill
22.1 Introduction
22.2 Physiological Response to Starvation
22.3 Physiological Response to Stress
22.4 Nutrition Therapy for Metabolic Stress
22.5 Sepsis
22.6 Nutrition Therapy for Sepsis
22.7 Burns
22.8 Nutrition Therapy for Burns
22.9 Surgery
22.10 Peri-/Postoperative Nutrition Therapy: Enhanced Recovery after Surgery Protocols (ERAS)
22.11 HIV and AIDS
22.12 Conclusion
Chapter 23: Neoplastic Disease
23.1 Introduction
23.2 Definition
23.3 Epidemiology
23.4 Etiology of Cancer
23.5 Cancer Genetics
23.6 Cancer and Nutrition
23.7 Nutrition Therapy for Individuals with Cancer
23.8 Conclusion
Chapter 24: Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System
24.1 Introduction
24.2 Normal Anatomy and Physiology of the Skeletal System
24.3 Cartilage
24.4 Nutrition Therapy for Osteoporosis
24.5 Rickets and Osteomalacia
24.6 Arthritic Conditions
24.7 Osteoarthritis
24.8 Conclusion
Chapter 25: Metabolic Disorders
25.1 Introduction
25.2 Epidemiology and Inheritance
25.3 Pathophysiology of Impaired Metabolism
25.4 Medical Diagnosis/Newborn Screening
25.5 Clinical Manifestations of Inborn Errors of Metabolism
25.6 Medical Approaches to Treatment
25.7 Medical Nutrition Therapy for Inborn Errors of Metabolism: General Guidelines
25.8 Amino Acidopathies
25.9 Urea Cycle Disorders
25.10 Mitochondrial Disorders
25.11 Disorders Related to Vitamin Metabolism and Vitamin-Responsive Metabolic Disorders
25.12 Disorders of Fat Metabolism
25.13 Conclusion
APPENDIX A: ANSWERS TO CHAPTER REVIEW QUESTIONS
APPENDIX B: ANSWERS TO APPLICATION OF THE NUTRITION CARE PROCESS QUESTIONS
APPENDIX C1: HEALTHY U.S.- STYLE EATING PATTERN
APPENDIX C2: HEALTHY MEDITERRANEAN-STYLE EATING PATTERN
APPENDIX C3: HEALTHY VEGETARIAN EATING PATTERN
APPENDIX D1: TRICEPS SKINFOLD THICKNESS, ARM MUSCLE AREA (AMA), AND MID-UPPER ARM FAT AREA (AFA): PROCEDURES, COMPUTATIONS, INTERPRETATIONS, AND PERCENTILES
APPENDIX D2: NOMOGRAM FOR CALCULATIONS OF ARM MUSCLE CIRCUMFERENCE AND AREA
APPENDIX E: ROUTINE LABORATORY TESTS WITH NUTRITIONAL IMPLICATIONS
APPENDIX F: NORMAL VALUES FOR PHYSICAL EXAMINATION
APPENDIX G: NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCIES REVEALED BY PHYSICAL EXAMINATION
APPENDIX H: CHOOSE YOUR FOODS: EXCHANGE LISTS FOR DIABETES
APPENDIX I: COMMON MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS
GLOSSARY
INDEX